• Dr. Sarah MacCarthy is the inaugural holder of the Magic City LGBTQ Health Studies Endowed Professorship. Dr. MacCarthy has more than 10 years' experience in applying systematic mixed-methods research to address the health and wellbeing of LGBTQ adults. She received her masters and doctorate from the Harvard School of Public Health and completed postdoctoral training from Brown University.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2022 HIV prevalence among transgender women in Northeast Brazil – Findings from two Respondent Driven Sampling studiesBMC Public Health.  22. 2022
    2022 “The one who doesn’t take ART medication has no wealth at all and no purpose on Earth” – a qualitative assessment of how HIV-positive adults in Uganda understand the health and wealth-related benefits of ARTBMC Public Health.  22. 2022
    2022 Sex Differences in Medicare Beneficiaries' Experiences by Low-Income StatusAmerican Journal of Managed Care.  28:465-471. 2022
    2022 Special considerations for evaluating psilocybin-facilitated psychotherapy in vulnerable populationsNeuropharmacology.  214. 2022
    2022 Implementation of South Africa’s Central Chronic Medicine Dispensing and Distribution Program for HIV Treatment: A Qualitative EvaluationAIDS and Behavior.  26:2600-2612. 2022
    2022 Increased Depression during COVID-19 Lockdown Associated with Food Insecurity and Antiretroviral Non-Adherence among People Living with HIV in UgandaAIDS and Behavior.  26:2182-2190. 2022
    2022 Rural disparities in the quality of clinical care are notable and larger for malesJournal of Rural Health2022
    2022 Sexual Minority Adults in England Have Greater Odds of Chronic Mental Health Problems: Variation by Sexual Orientation, Age, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic StatusLGBT Health.  9:54-62. 2022
    2021 The acceptability and feasibility of a pilot study examining the impact of a mobile technology-based intervention informed by behavioral economics to improve HIV knowledge and testing frequency among Latinx sexual minority men and transgender womenBMC Public Health.  21. 2021
    2021 Culturally Competent Clinical Care for Older Sexual Minority Adults: A Scoping Review of the Literature 2021
    2021 Sexual orientation and gender identity dataHealth Affairs.  40:852. 2021
    2021 A qualitative exploration of health-related present bias among HIV-positive adults in Uganda 2021
    2021 HIV Care Experiences During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Mixed-Methods Telephone Interviews with Clinic-Enrolled HIV-Infected Adults in UgandaAIDS and Behavior.  25:28-39. 2021
    2021 Long-term conditions among sexual minority adults in England: Evidence from a cross-sectional analysis of responses to the English GP Patient SurveyBJGP Open.  5:1-10. 2021
    2020 Longitudinal Assessment of Changes in Mental and Sexual Health Outcomes Due to COVID-19 among Latinx SMM and TGW 2020
    2020 Rapid mixed-methods assessment of COVID-19 impact on Latinx sexual minority men and Latinx transgender womenPLoS One.  15. 2020
    2020 Gender Differences in Patient Experience Across Medicare Advantage PlansWomen's Health Issues.  30:477-483. 2020
    2020 Brief Report: Using Behavioral Economics to Increase HIV Knowledge and Testing Among Latinx Sexual Minority Men and Transgender Women: A Quasi-Experimental Pilot Study 2020
    2020 Increased reporting of sexual minority orientation from 2009 to 2017 in England and implications for measuring sexual minority health disparitiesLGBT Health.  7:393-400. 2020
    2020 A Pilot Test of Game Changers, a Social Network Intervention to Empower People with HIV to be Prevention Advocates in UgandaAIDS and Behavior.  24:2490-2508. 2020
    2020 Habit formation in support of antiretroviral medication adherence in clinic-enrolled HIV-infected adults: A qualitative assessment using free-listing and unstructured interviewing in Kampala, UgandaAIDS Research and Therapy.  17. 2020
    2020 Lessons learned from a mobile technology-based intervention informed by behavioral economics to improve ART adherence among youth in Uganda 2020
    2020 Mixed-methods study of integration of housing and medical data systems for enhanced service coordination of people with HIVInternational Journal of Care Coordination.  23:43-51. 2020
    2020 A randomized controlled trial study of the acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary impact of SITA (SMS as an Incentive to Adhere): A mobile technology-based intervention informed by behavioral economics to improve ART adherence among youth in UgandaBMC Infectious Diseases.  20. 2020
    2020 Behavioral Economics Incentives to Support HIV Treatment Adherence (BEST): Protocol for a randomized controlled trial in UgandaTrials.  21. 2020
    2019 Using Ancillary Sociodemographic Data to Identify Sexual Minority Adults among Those Responding "something Else" or "don't Know" to Sexual Orientation QuestionsMedical Care.  57:E87-E95. 2019
    2019 “We have a stronger survival mode”: exploring knowledge gaps and culturally sensitive messaging of PrEP among Latino men who have sex with men and Latina transgender women in Los Angeles, CA 2019
    2019 Factors Associated with PrEP Refusal Among Transgender Women in Northeastern BrazilAIDS and Behavior.  23:2710-2718. 2019
    2019 Supporting Adolescents to Adhere (SATA): Lessons learned from an intervention to achieve medication adherence targets among youth living with HIV in UgandaChildren and Youth Services Review.  102:56-62. 2019
    2019 Exploring Disparities in Influenza Immunization for Older WomenJournal of the American Geriatrics Society.  67:1268-1272. 2019
    2019 An integrated approach to measuring sexual orientation disparities in women's access to health services: A national health interview survey applicationLGBT Health.  6:87-93. 2019
    2019 Strategies for improving mobile technology–based hiv prevention interventions with latino men who have sex with men and latina transgender women 2019
    2018 "we don't treat your kind": Assessing HIV health needs holistically among transgender people in Jackson, MississippiPLoS One.  13. 2018
    2018 Behavioral economics-based incentives supported by mobile technology on HIV knowledge and testing frequency among Latino/a men who have sex with men and transgender women: Protocol for a randomized pilot study to test intervention feasibility and acceptabilityTrials.  19. 2018
    2018 "how am i going to live?": Exploring barriers to ART adherence among adolescents and young adults living with HIV in UgandaBMC Public Health.  18. 2018
    2018 A Social Network Analysis of HIV Treatment Partners and Patient Viral Suppression in Botswana 2018
    2018 Gender-based discrimination and unprotected receptive anal intercourse among transgender women in Brazil: A mixed methods studyPLoS One.  13. 2018
    2018 From Pill to Condom, or Nothing at all: HIV Diagnosis and Discontinuation of Highly Effective Contraceptives Among Women in Northeast BrazilAIDS and Behavior.  22:663-670. 2018
    2017 Engaging human rights in the response to the evolving zika virus epidemicAmerican Journal of Public Health.  107:525-531. 2017
    2017 Current research gaps: A global systematic review of HIV and sexually transmissible infections among transgender populationsSexual Health.  14:456-468. 2017
    2016 Barriers to HIV testing, linkage to care, and treatment adherence: A cross-sectional study from a large urban center of BrazilPan American Journal of Public Health.  40:418-426. 2016
    2016 Individual and Partner-Level Factors Associated with Condom Non-Use Among African American STI Clinic Attendees in the Deep South: An Event-Level AnalysisAIDS and Behavior.  20:1334-1342. 2016
    2016 Barriers to routine HIV testing in healthcare settings and potential solutions from the get tested Coachella valley campaign 2016
    2016 Barriers along the care cascade of HIV-infected men in a large urban center of Brazil 2016
    2016 Building bridges: interdisciplinarity in practice. PopTrans Study: A study with transvestites and transsexual women in Salvador, Bahia State, BrazilCadernos de Saúde Pública.  32. 2016
    2016 Late presentation to HIV/AIDS care in Brazil among men who self-identify as heterosexual 2016
    2016 Mind the gap: Implementation challenges break the link between HIV/AIDS research and practiceCadernos de Saúde Pública.  32. 2016
    2015 The time is now: Attention increases to transgender health in the United States but scientific knowledge gaps remainLGBT Health.  2:287-291. 2015
    2015 Revisiting the use of condoms in BrazilRevista Brasileira de Epidemiologia.  18:63-88. 2015
    2015 Sexual network profiles and risk factors for STIs among African-American sexual minorities in Mississippi: A cross-sectional analysisLGBT Health.  2:276-281. 2015
    2015 It is complicated: Sexual partner characteristic profiles and sexually transmitted infection rates within a predominantly African American population in MississippiSexually Transmitted Diseases.  42:266-271. 2015
    2015 The HIV care cascade: Models, measures and moving forwardJournal of the International AIDS Society.  18. 2015
    2014 What's pregnancy got to do with it? Late presentation to HIV/AIDS services in Northeastern Brazil 2014
    2014 Making the invisible, visible: A cross-sectional study of late presentation to HIV/AIDS services among men who have sex with men from a large urban center of BrazilBMC Public Health.  14. 2014
    2014 Prevalence and Predictors of Concurrent Sexual Partnerships in a Predominantly African American Population in Jackson, MississippiAIDS and Behavior.  18:2457-2468. 2014
    2014 Late presentation to HIV/AIDS testing, treatment or continued care: Clarifying the use of CD4 evaluation in the consensus definitionHIV Medicine.  15:130-134. 2014
    2014 Contemplating abortion: HIV-positive women's decision to terminate pregnancyCulture, Health and Sexuality.  16:190-201. 2014
    2014 Quality, not just quantity: Lessons learned from HIV testing in Salvador, BrazilGlobal Public Health.  9:723-739. 2014
    2013 I did not feel like a mother: The success and remaining challenges to exclusive formula feeding among HIV-positive women in Brazil 2013
    2012 The pregnancy decisions of HIV-positive women: The state of knowledge and way forwardReproductive Health Matters.  20:119-140. 2012
    2012 Human rights in health systems frameworks: What is there, what is missing and why does it matter?Global Public Health.  7:337-351. 2012
    2009 Responding to her question: A review of the influence of pregnancy on HIV disease progression in the context of expanded access to HAART in sub-Saharan AfricaAIDS and Behavior.  13. 2009
    2008 HIV and pregnancy intentions: Do services adequately respond to women's needs?American Journal of Public Health.  98:1746-1750. 2008
    2007 Compliance with DOTS diagnosis and treatment recommendations by private practitioners in Kerala, IndiaInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease.  11:110-112. 2007

    Research Overview

  • LGBTQ health; HIV/AIDS; mixed-methods research; community-based participatory research;
  • Teaching Overview

  • Starting in January 2023, Dr. MacCarthy will be teaching a multi-level course focused on LGBTQ health.
  • Education And Training

  • Doctor of Science in International / Global Studies, Harvard University 2012
  • Master of Science in International Public Health / International Health, Harvard University 2007
  • Full Name

  • Sarah MacCarthy