• Safal Khanal, OD, PhD, FAAO is an Assistant Professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. He received his optometry and vision science training in Nepal and the Philippines and earned his Bachelor of Optometry and Doctor of Optometry degrees. Dr. Khanal then worked as a consultant in a conjoint optometry/ophthalmology practice in Nepal, before joining the University of Auckland School. During his time at the University of Auckland, Dr. Khanal also served as an educator in the Bachelor of Optometry degree program, teaching clinical optometry courses and supervising undergraduate students in summer research and honors projects. After completing his first postdoctoral fellowship in the laboratory of John Phillips, BSc(M Eng), BSc(Optom), MSc, PhD, MCOptom, FAAO, at the University of Auckland Myopia Lab, he moved to the United States for his second postdoctoral fellowship in the laboratories of Timothy Gawne, PhD and Jason Nichols, OD, MPH, PhD, FAAO, at the UAB School of Optometry.

    Dr. Khanal became a fellow of the American Academy of Optometry in 2016. He holds active professional membership in several organizations, including the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology and the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision, and continues to serve as an ad-hoc reviewer for several leading journals, including Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, Contact Lens and Anterior Eye, Eye and Contact Lens, Optometry and Vision Science, Documenta Ophthalmologica, Clinical and Experimental Optometry, Journal of Optometry, BMC Ophthalmology, and Experimental Eye Research.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2022 Inflammatory proteins associated with contact lens-related dry eyeContact Lens and Anterior Eye.  45. 2022
    2022 Characterization of the thickness of the Tear Film Lipid Layer in Meibomian Gland Dysfunction using high resolution optical microscopy 2022
    2022 Human meibum and tear film derived cholesteryl and wax esters in meibomian gland dysfunction and tear film structure: Cholesteryl and wax esters in meibomian gland dysfunction 2022
    2022 Optometry in Nepal: a historical perspectiveClinical and Experimental Optometry.  105:80-83. 2022
    2021 The effect of cellphone position on driving and gaze behaviourScientific Reports.  11. 2021
    2021 Corrigendum to “Human precorneal tear film and lipid layer dynamics in meibomian gland dysfunction” [Ocul Surf 21 (2021) 250–256] (The Ocular Surface (2021) 21 (250–256), (S1542012421000185), (10.1016/j.jtos.2021.03.006)) 2021
    2021 Amber light treatment produces hyperopia in tree shrewsOphthalmic and Physiological Optics.  41:1076-1086. 2021
    2021 Human meibum and tear film derived (O-Acyl)-omega-hydroxy fatty acids as biomarkers of tear film dynamics in meibomian gland dysfunction and dry eye disease 2021
    2021 Human meibum and tear film derived (O-acyl)-omega-hydroxy fatty acids in meibomian gland dysfunction 2021
    2021 Human precorneal tear film and lipid layer dynamics in meibomian gland dysfunction 2021
    2021 The acute effect of atropine eye drops on the human full-field electroretinogramDocumenta Ophthalmologica.  142:315-328. 2021
    2021 Tree shrews do not maintain emmetropia in initially-focused narrow-band cyan lightExperimental Eye Research.  206. 2021
    2021 IMI accommodation and binocular vision in myopia development and progression 2021
    2020 Flash VEP in clinically stable pre-term and full-term infantsDocumenta Ophthalmologica.  141:259-267. 2020
    2020 Which low-dose atropine for myopia control?Clinical and Experimental Optometry.  103:230-232. 2020
    2019 Repeatability of Arterial Spin Labeling MRI in Measuring Blood Perfusion in the Human EyeJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging.  49:966-974. 2019
    2019 The effect of atropine on human global flash mfERG responses to retinal defocus 2019
    2017 Refractive Status in Nepalese Pre-Term and Full-Term Infants Early in LifeOptometry and Vision Science.  94:957-964. 2017
    2017 Evaluation of intraocular pressure estimates obtained using an iCare rebound tonometerClinical and Experimental Optometry.  100:179-183. 2017
    2017 Ocular morbidity among porters at high altitudes.Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology.  9:30-36. 2017
    2016 Comparison of retinal nerve fiber layer and macular thickness for discriminating primary open-angle glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma using optical coherence tomographyClinical and Experimental Optometry.  99:373-381. 2016
    2016 Intraeye retinal nerve fiber layer and macular thickness asymmetry measurements for the discrimination of primary open-angle glaucoma and normal tension glaucomaJournal of Optometry.  9:118-125. 2016
    2016 Visual deficits in Nepalese patients with oculocutaneous albinismJournal of Optometry.  9:102-109. 2016
    2016 Profile of paediatric low vision population: A retrospective study from NepalClinical and Experimental Optometry.  99:61-65. 2016
    2015 Impact of Visual Skills Training on Sports Performance: Current and Future Perspectives 2015
    2014 Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in glaucomatous Nepalese eyes and its relation with visual field sensitivityJournal of Optometry.  7:217-224. 2014
    2014 Retinal nerve fibre layer thickness in a healthy Nepalese population by spectral domain optical coherence tomographyNepalese Journal of Ophthalmology.  6:131-139. 2014
    2013 Recurrence of uveal malignant melanoma: a case reportNepalese Journal of Ophthalmology.  5:275-278. 2013
    2013 Unusual case of bilateral angle closure glaucomaJournal of Nepal Medical Association.  52:402-404. 2013

    Research Overview

  • Emmetropization, Retinal and choroidal mechanisms of defocus detection and signaling, Myopia development, progression, and control, Visual electrophysiology, Ocular imaging
  • Teaching Overview

  • The University of Alabama at Birmingham
    VIS 779: Advanced Graduate Seminar in Interdisciplinary Studies
    VIS 611: Ocular Pathology - Biology and Pathology of Myopia
    VS121: Visual Optics - Myopia Panel

    The University of Auckland
    OPTOM 430B: Contact lens Practice
    OPTOM 416: Clinical Optometry
    OPTOM 316: Optometry
    OPTOM 272: Structure and Function of the Visual System
    MEDSCI 316: Sensory Neuroscience: From Molecules to Disease
  • Education And Training

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Optometry, The University of Auckland 2019
  • Doctor of Optometry, 2014
  • Bachelor of Science or Mathematics in Optometry, Tribhuvan University 2012
  • Full Name

  • Safal Khanal