Positions

Overview

  • David C. Schwebel has published over 235 peer-reviewed manuscripts, most focusing on understanding and preventing unintentional injury in children, adolescents, and young adults. Specific risk factors of interest include temperament and personality, overestimation of physical ability and cognitive development, and adult supervision of children.

    From a prevention perspective, Dr. Schwebel has developed and implemented injury prevention techniques for a range of situations, including pedestrian safety training in virtual reality environments, school playground safety via behavioral strategies targeting teachers, drowning prevention through lifeguard training at public swimming pools, dog bite prevention in rural China and in the United States, and kerosene safety in low-income South Africa neighborhoods.

    Dr. Schwebel is a Woodrow Wilson Scholar, a Fulbright Award winner, and a Fellow of the American Psychological Association. His research has been funded by NIH, CDC, DOT, and several other federal, non-profit and industry groups.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2021 Reducing distracted pedestrian behavior using Bluetooth beacon technology: A crossover trialAccident Analysis and Prevention.  159. 2021
    2021 The influence of music tempo on mental load and hazard perception of novice driversAccident Analysis and Prevention.  157. 2021
    2021 Road traffic injury mortality and morbidity by country development status, 2011-2017Chinese Journal of Traumatology (English Edition).  24:88-93. 2021
    2021 Differential effects of stimulant versus opiate drugs on driving performanceAccident Analysis and Prevention.  150. 2021
    2021 A “Talent Agency” refers children for research: A case study 2021
    2021 Road-Crossing Behavior in Complex Traffic Situations: A Comparison of Children With and Without ADHDChild Psychiatry and Human Development2021
    2020 Letter to the editor concerning: “Drivers and consequences of self-immolation in parts of Iran, Iraq and Uzbekistan: A systematic review of qualitative evidence”Burns.  46:1707. 2020
    2020 Global road traffic injury statistics: Challenges, mechanisms and solutionsChinese Journal of Traumatology (English Edition).  23:216-218. 2020
    2019 Psychological needs of the families of patients who attempted suicide by self-immolation: An overlooked issueBurns.  45:1938-1939. 2019
    2019 Why "accidents" are not accidental: Using psychological science to understand and prevent unintentional child injuriesAmerican Psychologist.  74:1137-1147. 2019
    2019 Psychiatric needs for self-inflicted burn patients in developing countries: A call for actionBurns.  45:1732-1733. 2019
    2019 Road traffic injuries in Poland: magnitude and risk factors 2019
    2019 Unsafe riding behaviors of shared-bicycle riders in urban China: A retrospective surveyAccident Analysis and Prevention.  131:1-7. 2019
    2019 Dogs as an Adjunct to Therapy: Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Rehabilitation Following Spinal Cord Injury 2019
    2019 Data on unsafe riding behaviors among 1960 shared bicycle riders in urban ChinaData in Brief.  25. 2019
    2019 Quality of Life in Youth With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) Treated With Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) TherapyBehavioral Sleep Medicine.  17:238-245. 2019
    2019 Left-turning vehicle-pedestrian conflicts at signalized intersections with traffic lights: Benefit or harm? A two-stage studyChinese Journal of Traumatology (English Edition).  22:63-68. 2019
    2019 Changes in reporting of unintentional injury deaths, United States of AmericaBulletin of the World Health Organization.  97:190-199. 2019
    2019 Global, regional, and national burden of suicide mortality 1990 to 2016: Systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016BMJ.  364. 2019
    2019 The road user behaviours of Chinese adolescents: Data from China and a comparison with adolescents in other countriesAnnals of Global Health.  85. 2019
    2018 Comparing road safety performance across countries: Do data source and type of mortality indicator matter?Accident Analysis and Prevention.  121:129-133. 2018
    2018 Incidence of Interpersonal Violence among Individuals with Drug Addiction Receiving Compulsory Treatment: A Survey at Two Drug Detention Centers in Hunan, ChinaBiomedical and Environmental Sciences.  31:883-887. 2018
    2018 Sibling supervision: A risk factor for unintentional childhood injury in rural Uganda?Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology.  6:364-374. 2018
    2018 A New Method to Prevent Unintentional Child PoisoningConference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference.  2018-July:5142-5145. 2018
    2018 Effectiveness of an app-based intervention for unintentional injury among caregivers of preschoolers: Protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trialBMC Public Health.  18. 2018
    2018 Design and feasibility of a safe pill bottle 2018
    2018 Poisoning deaths in China, 2006–2016Bulletin of the World Health Organization.  96. 2018
    2018 Trends in injury morbidity in China, 1993–2013: A longitudinal analysis of population-based survey dataAccident Analysis and Prevention.  113:179-186. 2018
    2018 Distracted Walking, Bicycling, and Driving: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Mobile Technology and Youth Crash RiskChild Development.  89:118-128. 2018
    2017 Availability and consistency of health and non-health data for road traffic fatality: Analysis of data from 195 countries, 1985–2013Accident Analysis and Prevention.  108:220-226. 2017
    2017 Benefit Finding and Quality of Life in Caregivers of Childhood Cancer SurvivorsCancer Nursing.  40:E28-E37. 2017
    2017 Experiential exposure to texting and walking in virtual reality: A randomized trial to reduce distracted pedestrian behaviorAccident Analysis and Prevention.  102:116-122. 2017
    2017 Unintentional child poisoning risk: A review of causal factors and prevention studies 2017
    2017 Non-fatal injuries treated outside a hospital in Hunan, China: Results from a household interview surveyEuropean Journal of Public Health.  27:331-334. 2017
    2017 Children Crossing Streets: The Cognitive Task of Pedestrians Across NationsAnnals of Global Health.  83:328-332. 2017
    2016 Firearm Ownership and Acquisition Among Parents With Risk Factors for Self-Harm or Other Violence 2016
    2016 Relationship Between Adolescent Report of Patient-Centered Care and of Quality of Primary Care 2016
    2016 Response to Letter to Editor “Some ethical challenges regarding self-immolation”Burns.  42:1153-1154. 2016
    2016 The role of Body Mass Index in child pedestrian injury riskAccident Analysis and Prevention.  90:29-35. 2016
    2016 Community-based pedestrian safety training in virtual reality: A pragmatic trialAccident Analysis and Prevention.  86:9-15. 2016
    2015 A model to explain suicide by self-immolation among Iranian women: A grounded theory studyBurns.  41:1562-1571. 2015
    2015 The association between youth violence Exposure and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in a sample of fifth-graders 2015
    2015 Relations between temperamental fear and risky pedestrian behaviorAccident Analysis and Prevention.  80:178-184. 2015
    2015 Media violence exposure and physical aggression in fifth-grade children 2015
    2014 Milton Schwebel (1914-2013)American Psychologist.  69:547. 2014
    2014 Antecedents and consequences of pediatric dog-bite injuries and their developmental trends: 101 cases in rural ChinaAccident Analysis and Prevention.  63:22-29. 2014
    2014 Quality of life among Asian American youthAsian American Journal of Psychology.  5:13-21. 2014
    2013 Dog safety in rural China: Children's sources of safety information and effect on knowledge, attitudes, and practicesAccident Analysis and Prevention.  59:164-169. 2013
    2013 Research priorities for suicide by self-immolation: Beyond quantitative approachesBurns.  39:536. 2013
    2013 Are parents just treading water? the impact of participation in swim lessons on parents' judgments of children's drowning risk, swimming ability, and supervision needsAccident Analysis and Prevention.  50:1169-1175. 2013
    2013 Effects of mobile Internet use on college student pedestrian injury riskAccident Analysis and Prevention.  51:78-83. 2013
    2013 Examining parents' behaviors and supervision of their children in the presence of an unfamiliar dog: Does the Blue Dog intervention improve parent practices?Accident Analysis and Prevention.  54:108-113. 2013
    2013 Keeping baby safe: A randomized trial of a parent training program for infant and toddler motor vehicle injury preventionAccident Analysis and Prevention.  60:35-41. 2013
    2012 Child Pedestrian Injury: A Review of Behavioral Risks and Preventive StrategiesAmerican Journal of Lifestyle Medicine.  6:292-302. 2012
    2012 Marital conflict and fifth-graders' risk for injuryAccident Analysis and Prevention.  47:30-35. 2012
    2012 Distraction and pedestrian safety: How talking on the phone, texting, and listening to music impact crossing the streetAccident Analysis and Prevention.  45:266-271. 2012
    2011 Self-immolation a predictable method of suicide: A comparison study of warning signs for suicide by self-immolation and by self-poisoningBurns.  37:1419-1426. 2011
    2011 Association of externalizing behavior disorder symptoms and injury among fifth graders 2011
    2011 Unintentional injury among low-income 5-year-olds with chronic health conditionsChronic Illness.  7:201-208. 2011
    2011 The association of activity level, parent mental distress, and parental involvement and monitoring with unintentional injury risk in fifth gradersAccident Analysis and Prevention.  43:848-852. 2011
    2011 Is self-immolation a distinct method for suicide? A comparison of Iranian patients attempting suicide by self-immolation and by poisoningBurns.  37:159-163. 2011
    2009 Paraffin-related injury in low-income South African communities: Knowledge, practice and perceived riskBulletin of the World Health Organization.  87:700-706. 2009
    2009 Recognition of home injury risks by novice parents of toddlersAccident Analysis and Prevention.  41:1070-1074. 2009
    2009 Demographic risk factors of self-immolation: A case-control studyBurns.  35:580-586. 2009
    2009 Attentional control, high intensity pleasure, and risky pedestrian behavior in college studentsAccident Analysis and Prevention.  41:658-661. 2009
    2009 Perceived racial/ethnic discrimination among fifth-grade students and its association with mental healthAmerican Journal of Public Health.  99:878-884. 2009
    2009 Unintentional Injury Risk Among Preschoolers With Behavior Disorders: Response to Garzon et al.Archives of Psychiatric Nursing.  23:94. 2009
    2009 Racial/Ethnic Disparities in the Mental Health Care Utilization of Fifth Grade Children 2009
    2009 The influence of carrying a backpack on college student pedestrian safetyAccident Analysis and Prevention.  41:352-356. 2009
    2009 Classic philosophy lessons and preventing self-inflicted burns: A call for actionBurns.  35:154-155. 2009
    2009 The effectiveness of wet-cupping for nonspecific low back pain in Iran: A randomized controlled trialComplementary Therapies in Medicine.  17:9-15. 2009
    2008 Gaps in childhood injury research and prevention: What can developmental scientists contribute?Child Development Perspectives.  2:78-84. 2008
    2008 Impaired faculty: Helping academics who are suffering from serious mental illnessAcademic Leadership.  7. 2008
    2008 Validation of virtual reality as a tool to understand and prevent child pedestrian injuryAccident Analysis and Prevention.  40:1394-1400. 2008
    2007 How personality and reward relate to automobile drivers' judgments of affordances using their own vehiclesEcological Psychology.  19:49-68. 2007
    2006 Individual difference factors in risky driving: The roles of anger/hostility, conscientiousness, and sensation-seekingAccident Analysis and Prevention.  38:801-810. 2006
    2006 Individual difference factors in risky driving : The roles of anger/hostility, conscientiousness, and sensation-seekingAccident Analysis and Prevention.  38:801-810. 2006
    2005 Ethical principles and acculturation: Two case studiesEthics and Behavior.  15:131-137. 2005
    2004 The role of impulsivity in children's estimation of physical ability: Implications for children's unintentional injury risk 2004
    2002 Teaching Nonverbal CommunicationCollege Teaching.  50:88-91. 2002
    2000 Integrating basic and applied developmental research: A new model for the twenty-first centuryChild Development.  71:222-230. 2000
    1999 Preschoolers' pretend play and theory of mind: The role of jointly constructed pretenceBritish Journal of Developmental Psychology.  17:333-348. 1999
    1999 Longitudinal and concurrent relations among temperament, ability estimation, and injury pronenessChild Development.  70:700-712. 1999
    1998 Children in a violent societyContemporary Psychology.  43:561-562. 1998
    1997 Preschoolers' Attributions of Mental States in PretenseChild Development.  68:1133-1142. 1997

    Chapter

    Year Title Altmetric
    2016 Safety and childproofing.  43-54. 2016
    2008 Temperament and Children's Unintentional Injuries.  51-71. 2008
    2008 Safety and Childproofing.  43-54. 2008

    Research Overview

  • What many people call an accident is usually not accidental. If people had behaved differently, that accident may have been averted. Early research in the UAB Youth Safety Lab, which I direct, focused on understanding psychological and behavioral factors that place children, adolescents and young adults at increased risk for unintentional injuries. We considered cognitive development, temperament, adult supervision, and many other factors.

    Over time, my desire to apply our research findings to help children and families led me to translate our findings about risk for child injury into intervention and prevention programs. Currently, much of my research is focused on development, evaluation, and implementation of programs to reduce youth injury risk. Many of these prevention programs are based in technology — examples include using virtual reality to teach children to cross streets, multi-media internet training to improve teacher supervision at preschool playgrounds, and use of interactive augmented reality to help parents install car seats correctly. Other work is global — identifying ways to reduce kerosene poisoning in low-income South African communities, reducing risk of dog bites in rural China and pedestrian injury in urban China, and reducing suicide risk among young women in rural Iran. All of our research is closely grounded in psychological theory of child development, health-related behavior change, and ecological context. Our work is also applied, designed to improve public health through changes in how children and the adults who supervise them behave and think, or changes to the environment children and their supervisors engage within.

    Our laboratory’s ultimate goal is to use psychological science to understand risk for injury and then develop, evaluate, and disseminate effective programs to reduce injuries to children, adolescents, and young adults.
  • Principal Investigator On

  • A Website to Teach Children Safety with Dogs: Development and Evaluation  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS
  • Blue Dog Study on Supervision and Learning  awarded by THE BLUE DOG TRUST
  • Delivering Virtual Reality Through Mobile Platforms: Child Pedestrian Safety Training in China  awarded by Fogarty International Center/NIH/DHHS
  • Distracted Pedestrian Behavior: Intervention to Increase Safety  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS
  • Doctoral Dissertation Research in DRMS: The Effects of Sleep Restriction on Adolescents' Pedestrian Safety  awarded by NSF - National Science Foundation
  • Evaluating Child Restraint System (CRS) Installation using Interactive Visual Presence  awarded by University of Florida
  • Evaluation of Cognitive Readiness for Tractor Operation Using Advanced Simulation  awarded by MARSHFIELD CLINIC RESEARCH FOUNDATION
  • Improving Child Restraint Installation in Rural America through Interactive Virtual Presence  awarded by NATIONAL SAFETY COUNCIL
  • Is Superhero Play a Risk Factor for Unintentional Injury in Preschool-Aged Children  awarded by SOCIETY OF CLINICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHOLOGY
  • Is Superhero Play a Risk Factor for Unintentional Injury in Preschool-aged Children?  awarded by American Psychological Association of Graduate Students
  • Learning to Love Dogs Safely. Phase Three  awarded by Morris Animal Foundation
  • Predictors of Physical Activity in Child and Adolescent Survivors of Cancer  awarded by American Psychological Association
  • Preventing Youth Soccer Injury: A Randomized Cross-Over Trial  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS
  • Private Grant  awarded by CARR & CARR ATTORNEYS AT LAW
  • Private Grant  awarded by VIPAAR, LLC.
  • Scholarship in Child and Adolescent Health and Injury Prevention (SCAHIP)  awarded by American Psychiatric Association
  • Scholarship in Child and Adolescent Health and Injury Prevention (SCAHIP)-2018  awarded by American Psychological Association
  • ShootSafe: An Interactive Web Platform to Teach Children Hunting, Shooting and Firearms Safety  awarded by CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/DHHS
  • Teaching Schoolchildren Pedestrian Safety: A Pragmatic Trial Using Virtual Reality  awarded by University of Florida
  • The Effects of Sleep Restriction on Adolescent's Pedestrian Safety  awarded by CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL (PHILADELPHIA)
  • Understanding Pediatric Dog-Bite Injuries in Rural China  awarded by American Psychological Foundation
  • Unintentional Childhood Injury Risk in Rural Uganda: The Role of Sibling Supervision and the Potential for Behavior Change Through Classroom-Based Instruction  awarded by American Psychological Foundation
  • Using Bluetooth Beacon Technology to Reduce Distracted Pedestrian Behavior  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS
  • Using Interactive Virtual Presence to Remotely Assist Parents with Child Restraint Installations  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS
  • Using Virtual Reality to Train Children in Pedestrian Safety  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS
  • Virtual Reality by Mobile Phone: Improving Child Pedestrian Safety  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS
  • Teaching Activities

  • PY396 - Teaching Pract in Psych (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in PY/SL (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY398 - Resch Prac in Psychology - RES (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY398 - Resch Prac in Psychology - RES (Fall Term 2011) 2011
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in PY/SL (Summer Term 2011) 2011
  • PY398 - Resch Prac in Psychology - RES (Summer Term 2011) 2011
  • PY396 - Teaching Pract in Psych (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in PY/SL (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY398 - Resch Prac in Psychology - RES (Spring Term 2011) 2011
  • PY396 - Teaching Pract in Psych (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in PY/SL (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • PY398 - Resch Prac in Psychology - RES (Fall Term 2010) 2010
  • PY396 - Teaching Pract in Psych (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in PY/SL (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • PY398 - Resch Prac in Psychology - RES (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • PY398 - Resch Prac in Psychology - RES (Summer Term 2010) 2010
  • PY396 - Teaching Pract in Psych (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in PY/SL (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY398 - Resch Prac in Psychology - RES (Spring Term 2010) 2010
  • PY214 - Elem Stats Methods and Design (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • PY396 - Teaching Pract in Psych (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in PY/SL (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • PY398 - Resch Prac in Psychology - RES (Fall Term 2009) 2009
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in PY/SL (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • PY398 - Resch Prac in Psychology - RES (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • PY325 - Clinical Child Psychology (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in PY/SL (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • PY723 - Sem Abnormal Child Development (Summer Term 2009) 2009
  • PY396 - Teaching Pract in Psych (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY397 - Cmty-Based Prac in Psych - SL (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY398 - Resch Prac in Psychology - RES (Spring Term 2009) 2009
  • PY214 - Elem Stats Methods and Design (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY325 - Clinical Child Psychology (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY396 - Teaching Pract in Psych (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in Psych (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY398 - Research Prac in Psychology (Fall Term 2008) 2008
  • PY396 - Teaching Pract in Psych (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in Psych (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • PY398 - Research Prac in Psychology (Summer Term 2008) 2008
  • PY214 - Elem Stats Methods and Design (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY396 - Teaching Pract in Psych (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in Psych (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY398 - Research Prac in Psychology (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY398 - Research Prac in Psychology (Spring Term 2008) 2008
  • PY325 - Clinical Child Psychology (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • PY396 - Teaching Pract in Psych (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • PY397 - Community-Based Prac in Psych (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • PY398 - Research Prac in Psychology (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • PY723 - Sem Abnormal Child Development (Fall Term 2007) 2007
  • Full Name

  • David Schwebel