In vitro study of vitellogenesis in the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus): Site and control of vitellin synthesis

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The determine the site of vitellin (Vn) synthesis in the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, tissues (ovary, hepatopancreas, and gill) from adult female crabs were incubated in vitro with [ S]methionine. Tissue extracts were separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate‐polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and radiolabeled proteins were visualized by autoradiography: Four radiolabeled ovarian proteins (188, 168, 109, and 86 kDa) comigrated with the subunits of Vn. A Western blot analysis confirmed that these ovarian proteins were the Vn subunits. Proteins in the hepatopancreas and gill were also radiolabeled but were not Vn‐immunoreactive. In vitro incorporation of [ S] methionine into ovarian proteins was inhibited by an extract of eyestalks; the inhibition was dose‐dependent and specific. Autoradiography of the electrophoretically separated ovarian proteins revealed that the eyestalk extract inhibited incorporation of [ S] methionine into numerous proteins, including the Vn subunits. These results suggest that the ovary is a site of Vn synthesis and that the eyestalks contain a factor or factors that directly inhibit the synthesis of Vn and other ovarian proteins. It is anticipated that the suppression of ovarian protein synthesis will be a useful bioassay for blue crab vitellogenesis‐inhibiting hormone. © 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc. Copyright © 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company 35 35 35
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Lee C; Watson RD
  • Start Page

  • 364
  • End Page

  • 372
  • Volume

  • 271
  • Issue

  • 5