Studies of a receptor guanylyl cyclase cloned from Y-organs of the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus), and its possible functional link to ecdysteroidogenesis

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Crustacean Y-organs synthesize ecdysteroid molting hormones. Synthesis of ecdysteroids by Y-organs is negatively regulated by a polypeptide neurohormone, molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH). Our laboratory has recently cloned from Y-organs of the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) a cDNA (CsGC-YO1) encoding a putative receptor guanylyl cyclase (CsGC-YO1). We hypothesize that CsGC-YO1 is an MIH receptor. In studies reported here, antipeptide antibodies (anti-CsGC-YO1) were raised against a fragment of the extracellular domain of CsGC-YO1. Western blots showed affinity purified anti-CsGC-YO1 bound to the heterologously expressed extracellular domain, and to a protein in Y-organs that corresponded in size to the theoretical molecular mass of CsGC-YO1. Immunocytochemical studies with anti-CsGC-YO1 as primary antibody, showed CsGC-YO1 immunoreactivity was restricted to the peripheral margins of cells, and was not present in cytoplasm or nuclei. The results strongly suggest that CsGC-YO1 is a membrane-associated protein. Preincubation of Y-organs with anti-CsCG-YO1 blunted MIH-induced suppression of ecdysteroidogenesis. This finding represents the first demonstration of a link between CsGC-YO1 and MIH action. A real-time PCR assay for quantifying CsCG-YO1 was developed and validated. The assay was used to determine the abundance of the CsCG-YO1 transcript in Y-organs during a molt cycle: the level of CsGC-YO1 in Y-organs was elevated during intermolt (C ) and lower during premolt stages D -D . The data suggest that the biological action of CsGC-YO1 in Y-organs is likely to be most pronounced during intermolt. The combined results are consistent with the hypothesis that CsGC-YO1 is an MIH receptor. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 4 1 3
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Zheng J; Nakatsuji T; Roer RD; Watson RD
  • Start Page

  • 780
  • End Page

  • 788
  • Volume

  • 155
  • Issue

  • 3