Reconstitution of microtubule nucleation potential in centrosomes isolated from Spisula solidissima oocytes

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Treatment of isolated Spisula solidissima centrosomes with KI removes γ-tubulin, 25 nm rings, and their microtubule nucleation potential, revealing the presence of filamentous lattice, the 'centromatrix'. Treatment of this centromatrix with Spisula oocyte extract results in the binding of γ-tubulin and 25 nm rings, and the recovery of microtubule nucleation potential. Fractionation of this extract resulted in the separation of elements that are required for the recovery of microtubule nucleation potential. We show that some, but not all, of the elements needed cosediment with microtubules. Further, extracts prepared from activated (meiotic) and non-activated (interphase) Spisula oocytes, CHO cells blocked in S phase, Drosophila embryos and Xenopus oocytes all support the recovery of microtubule nucleation potential by the Spisula centromatrix. These results demonstrate that components necessary for centrosome-dependent microtubule nucleation are functionally conserved and abundant in both interphase and meiotic/mitotic cytoplasm.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Author List

  • Schnackenberg BJ; Hull DR; Balczon RD; Palazzo RE
  • Start Page

  • 943
  • End Page

  • 953
  • Volume

  • 113
  • Issue

  • 6