Parallel streams from the primary visual cortex (V1) to the second visual area (V2) are thought to mediate different aspects of visual perception in primates. One hypothesis is that the projection from cytochrome oxidase patches to thin stripes is responsible for color, whereas a separate pathway from interpatches to pale stripes mediates form. Recently, the notion of segregated pathways has been challenged by a report showing that patches and interpatches project equally to thin stripes. We made injections of a retrograde tracer, cholera toxin-B (CTB-Au), into macaque V2 thin stripes and counted the number of labeled cells in patches versus interpatches in layer 2/3. Analysis of eight thin-stripe injections showed that a mean of 81% of labeled cells were located in patches (defined as 33% of the surface area of V1). This result confirms that the projection to thin stripes arises predominately from patches. To assess the segregation of patch and interpatch projections, we injected CTB-Au in a pale stripe and horseradish peroxidase in an adjacent thin stripe. In both successful cases, interdigitated fields of labeled cells were present in V1. Less than 1% of cells were double-labeled, indicating that the populations of cells supplying thin stripes and pale stripes are quite independent. This finding means that different signals are likely conveyed by patches and interpatches to V2. Copyright © 2005 Society for Neuroscience.