Altered T-Cell Balance in Lymphoid Organs of a Mouse Model of Colorectal Cancer

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2016, © 2016 The Histochemical Society. The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene is a known tumor suppressor gene, and mice with mutations in Apc (ApcMin/+) spontaneously form multiple intestinal neoplasms. In this model of human colorectal cancer (CRC), it has been reported that CD4+ T-cell-derived interleukin 17 (IL-17) promotes intestinal tumor development, but it is not known if the Apc mutation actually directly alters T-cell function and subsequently tumor immunosurveillance. To investigate the ApcMin/+ mutation on T-cell function, flow cytometric, histochemical, and immunofluorescent studies on both wild-type (Apc+/+) and ApcMin/+ mice were performed. We identified decreased levels of interferon gamma (IFN-γ+)IL-17+ double-positive CD4+ cells in the mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer’s patches of ApcMin/+ mice. In addition, altered levels of CD8+ cells, and changes in CD8+ production of IFN-γ and granzyme B were observed. These T-cell alterations did modify tumor immunosurveillance, as the adoptive transfer of splenocytes from ApcMin/+ animals into a chemically induced CRC model resulted in the inability to prevent epithelial dysplasia. These results suggest an altered T-cell balance in ApcMin/+ mice may disrupt intestinal homeostasis, consequently limiting intestinal tumor immunosurveillance.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Tanner SM; Daft JG; Hill SA; Martin CA; Lorenz RG
  • Start Page

  • 753
  • End Page

  • 767
  • Volume

  • 64
  • Issue

  • 12