© 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. It was recently demonstrated that MCPIP1 is a critical factor that controls inflammation and immune homeostasis; however, the relationship between MCPIP1 and other members of this protein family is largely unknown. Here, we report that MCPIP1 interacts with MCPIP4 to form a protein complex, but acts independently in the regulation of IL-6 mRNA degradation. In an effort to identify MCPIP1-interacting proteins by co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and mass-spec analysis, MCPIP4 was identified as a MCPIP1-interacting protein, which was further confirmed by Co-IP and mammalian two-hybrid assay. Immunofluorescence staining showed that MCPIP4 was co-localized with MCPIP1 in the GW-body, which features GW182 and Argonaute 2. Further studies showed that MCPIP1 and MCPIP4 act independently in regulation of IL-6 mRNA degradation. These results suggest that MCPIP1 and MCPIP4 may additively contribute to control IL-6 production in vivo.