Refining and validating a conceptual model of Clinical Nurse Leader integrated care delivery

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Aims: To empirically validate a conceptual model of Clinical Nurse Leader integrated care delivery. Background: There is limited evidence of frontline care delivery models that consistently achieve quality patient outcomes. Clinical Nurse Leader integrated care delivery is a promising nursing model with a growing record of success. However, theoretical clarity is necessary to generate causal evidence of effectiveness. Design: Sequential mixed methods. Methods: A preliminary Clinical Nurse Leader practice model was refined and survey items developed to correspond with model domains, using focus groups and a Delphi process with a multi-professional expert panel. The survey was administered in 2015 to clinicians and administrators involved in Clinical Nurse Leader initiatives. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling were used to validate the measurement and model structure. Results: Final sample n = 518. The model incorporates 13 components organized into five conceptual domains: ‘Readiness for Clinical Nurse Leader integrated care delivery’; ‘Structuring Clinical Nurse Leader integrated care delivery’; ‘Clinical Nurse Leader Practice: Continuous Clinical Leadership’; ‘Outcomes of Clinical Nurse Leader integrated care delivery’; and ‘Value’. Sample data had good fit with specified model and two-level measurement structure. All hypothesized pathways were significant, with strong coefficients suggesting good fit between theorized and observed path relationships. Conclusions: The validated model articulates an explanatory pathway of Clinical Nurse Leader integrated care delivery, including Clinical Nurse Leader practices that result in improved care dynamics and patient outcomes. The validated model provides a basis for testing in practice to generate evidence that can be deployed across the healthcare spectrum.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Bender M; Williams M; Su W; Hites L
  • Start Page

  • 448
  • End Page

  • 464
  • Volume

  • 73
  • Issue

  • 2