Dwarfism, occult spinal dysraphism, and presacral myxopapillary ependymoma with an epidermoid cyst in a child.

Academic Article


  • The authors present a case of a child with dwarfism that was noted to be developmentally delayed. Imaging revealed atlantoaxial instability, occult spinal dysraphism, and a presacral mass. Histopathology of the presacral lesion was that of a myxopapillary ependymoma with epidermoid cyst. We believe this to be the first report in the extant medical literature of this constellation of findings in the same patient. However, there are rare reports indicating a possible association of occult spinal dysraphism and the simultaneous occurrence of spinal ependymomas. Further case reports are necessary to discern whether these pathological entities are true low rate associations that the clinician should consider in their evaluation of these patients.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Tubbs RS; Kelly DR; Mroczek-Musulman EC; Braune K; Reddy A; Georgeson K; Grabb PA; Oakes WJ
  • Volume

  • 147
  • Issue

  • 3