Bik mediates caspase-dependent cleavage of viral proteins to promote influenza a virus infection

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © Copyright 2016 by the American Thoracic Society. Influenza virus induces apoptosis in infected cells to promote viral replication bymanipulating the host cell death signaling pathway. Although some Bcl-2 family proteins play a role in the replication of influenza A virus (IAV), the role of cell death pathways in the viral replication cycle is unclear. We investigated whether deficiency of the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family protein, Bik, plays a role in IAV replication. IAV replication was attenuated in mouse airway epithelial cells (MAECs) from bik2/2 compared with bik1/1 mice, as indicated by reduced viral titers. Bik2/2 MAECs showed more stable transepithelial resistance after infection than did bik1/1 MAECs, were less sensitive to infection-induced cell death, and released fewer copies of viral RNA. Similar results were obtained when Bik expression was suppressed in human airway epithelial cells (HAECs). Bik1/1 mice lost weight drastically and died within 8 days of infection, whereas 75% of bik2/2 mice survived infection for 14 days and were 10-fold less likely to die from infection compared with bik1/1 mice. IAV infection activated caspase 3 in bik1/1 but not in bik2/2 MAECs. Cleavage of viral nucleoprotein and M2 proteins were inhibited in bik2/2 MAECs and when caspase activation was inhibited in HAECs. Furthermore, Bik deficiency impaired cytoplasmic export of viral ribonucleoprotein. These studies suggest a link between Bik-mediated caspase activation and cleavage of viral proteins. Thus, inhibition of proapoptotic host factors such as Bik and downstream mediators of cell death may represent a novel approach to influenza treatment.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Mebratu YA; Tipper J; Chand HS; Walton S; Harrod KS; Tesfaigzi Y
  • Start Page

  • 664
  • End Page

  • 673
  • Volume

  • 54
  • Issue

  • 5