Previous nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging studies to assess left ventricular function have used multiple axial planes, which are compromised by partial volume effects and are time consuming to acquire and analyze. Accordingly, an imaging approach using cine NMR and planes aligned with the true cardiac axes of the left ventricle was developed in views comparable with left ventricular cineangiography. Cine NMR imaging was used to assess regional wall motion and was validated by comparison with biplane left ventricular cineangiography. Fifty-nine patients underwent cineangiographic and NMR studies within 72 h. A poor quality NMR study precluded analysis in 4, leaving a study group of 55 patients (mean age 58 ± 12; 17 women). Cine NMR movie loops were acquired in two long-axis planes: 1) right anterior oblique plane, parallel to the septum, and 2) four chamber orthogonal plane, perpendicular to the septum (this view is comparable to the angio-graphic left anterior oblique view). To assess regional wall motion, the left ventricle in both clue NMR and cineangio-graphic images was divided into five segments and graded on a five point grading scale from 3 for normal through 0 for akinesia and -1 for dyskinesia. Regional wall thickening was used qualitatively to aid in the analysis of wall motion. For the 275 segments compared in the right anterior oblique view, agreement was within one grade in 263 (95.6%) of 275 segments, whereas absolute agreement was observed in 171 (62%) of 275 segments. In the left anterior oblique view, of 200 segments evaluated, agreement within one grade was achieved in 184 segments (92%) and agreement was complete in 132 (66%). It is concluded that biplane cine NMR imaging, using two intrinsic left ventricular long-axis planes, permits noninvasive assessment of regional left ventricular function in views comparable to standard angiographic projections. © 1989.