Background and Objectives: Despite being pioneered by gynecologists, single-incision endosurgery has not been widely reported for the treatment of ovarian and adnexal pathology in neonates, children, and adolescents. We describe our initial experience using single-incision pediatric endosurgery (SIPES) for these indications and discuss advantages and drawbacks. Subjects and Methods: All children who underwent SIPES with a preoperative diagnosis of ovarian or adnexal pathology were included in the study. Data on age, operative time, complications, length of hospital stay, and outcomes were collected. Results: From January 2010 until January 2012, 19 girls (mean age, 11.4 years; range, 6 days-17 years; weight range, 4.0-90 kg) underwent SIPES procedures for ovarian or adnexal diagnoses, including hemorrhagic/follicular/paratubal cysts (n=8), torsion (n=7), tumor (n=3), and parauterine cyst (n=1). The operations included cyst unroofing (n=4), detorsion and oophoropexy (n=7), (salpingo)oophorectomy (n=5), marsupialization of cyst (n=2), and cyst aspiration (n=1). Median operative time was 42±29 minutes; there were no conversions to conventional laparoscopy or open surgery. Fifteen patients (79%) were discharged within 24 hours after the procedure. There were no peri- or postoperative complications. Histopathology showed hemorrhagic/follicular/ paratubal cyst (n=7), necrotic/calcified ovarian tissue after torsion (n=6), cystadenofibroma (n=1), granulosa cell tumor (n=1), and mature teratoma (Grade 0) (n=1). Conclusions: SIPES is an excellent alternative to conventional laparoscopy for the treatment of adnexal pathology. Using a single umbilical incision that can be enlarged instead of three smaller trocar sites facilitates the resection and extraction of ovarian masses without compromising cosmesis. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013.