Several studies have shown an association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene and hypertension. Because hypertension is a risk factor for left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and because evidence from animal models suggests that AGT may play a role in the growth and hypertrophy of the heart, we chose to conduct a population association study examining the relationship of 10 SNPs in the AGT gene with 7 different LV phenotypes measured by echocardiography. Participants (336 whites and 441 blacks) were drawn from the Hypertension Genetic Epidemiology Network (HyperGEN) study. Individuals were genotyped for 10 previously identified SNPs within the AGT gene. SNP genotype results were regressed against continuous LV phenotypes to test associations separately in each race. Using a cutoff of P<0.005 to account for multiple testing, we found 1 SNP (rs943580) significantly associated with transmitral early peak filling velocity (MVE) in the black population. We also used Phase 2.0.2 to reconstruct haplotypes from genotype data. Using the same cutoff of P<0.005, we found no haplotypes to be significantly associated with the LV phenotypes. To better understand the association between rs943580 and MVE, we examined AGT haplotype associations with MVE. The single SNP association was driven by a large group of SNPs in high linkage disequilibrium that includes the promoter SNP rs5051. © 2005 American Heart Association, Inc.