Spironolactone improves structure and increases tone in the cerebral vasculature of male spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Previous studies show that ischemic cerebral infarct size is related to cerebral vessel structure. Spironolactone, a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist, decreases ischemic cerebral infarct size in male spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats (SHRSP). Therefore, we hypothesized that chronic spironolactone treatment would improve cerebral artery structure in the SHRSP. Methods: Six-week-old male SHRSP were treated with spironolactone (2.5 mg/day) for 6 weeks and were compared to untreated control SHRSP and normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. Using a pressurized arteriograph, structural measurements of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) were taken under passive (calcium-free), zero-flow conditions. Myogenic tone was calculated from active and passive measurements taken at 75 and 125 mmHg. Mean arterial pressure was measured using radiotelemetry. Results: Myogenic tone was increased only at 75 mmHg in the spironolactone-treated SHRSP compared to control rats. The MCA lumen and outer diameters were increased in the spironolactone-treated SHRSP compared to control SHRSP, but were not different from WKY rats, indicating a decrease in vascular remodeling. There was no effect of spironolactone on blood pressure, suggesting that this is a blood pressure-independent effect. Conclusion: Increased myogenic tone and lumen diameter in the spironolactone-treated SHRSP may be responsible for the protective role of spironolactone in ischemic stroke. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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    Author List

  • Rigsby CS; Pollock DM; Dorrance AM
  • Start Page

  • 198
  • End Page

  • 205
  • Volume

  • 73
  • Issue

  • 3