Biochemical evidence for the presence of an amiloride binding protein in adult alveolar type II pneumocytes

Academic Article


  • An amiloride binding protein in adult rat and rabbit alveolar type II (ATII) cells was characterized using three different antibodies against epithelial Na channel proteins. We found that 1) polyclonal antibodies raised against epithelial Na channel proteins from bovine kidney cross- react with a 135-kDa protein in ATII membrane vesicles on Western blots; 2) using the photoreactive amiloride analog, 2'-methoxy-5'-nitrobenzamil (NMBA), in combination with anti-amiloride antibodies, we found that NMBA specifically labeled the same M(r) protein; and 3) monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibodies directed against anti-amiloride antibodies also recognized this same M(r) protein on Western blots. We also demonstrated a low benzamil affinity binding site (apparent K(d) = 370 nM) in rabbit ATII cell membranes and both high and low benzamil affinity binding sites (apparent K(d) = 6 nM and 230 nM) in bovine kidney membranes using [ H]Br-benzamil as a ligand. Pharmacological inhibitory profiles for displacing bound [ H]Br-benzamil were also different between ATII cells and bovine kidneys. These observations indicate that adult ATII pneumocytes express a population of epithelial Na channels having a low affinity to benzamil and amiloride and a pharmacological inhibitory profile different from that in bovine kidney. + + 3 3 +
  • Authors

    Published In

    Author List

  • Oh Y; Matalon S; Kleyman TR; Benos DJ
  • Start Page

  • 18498
  • End Page

  • 18504
  • Volume

  • 267
  • Issue

  • 26