The traditional incision for bilateral sequential lung transplantation is the bilateral anterolateral transsternal thoracotomy with approximation of the sternal fragments with interrupted stainless steel wire loops; this technique may be associated with an unacceptable incidence of postoperative sternal disruption causing chronic pain and deformity. Approximation of the sternal ends was achieved with peristernal cables that passed behind the sternum two intercostal spaces above and below the sternal division, which were then passed through metal sleeves in front of the sternum, the cables tensioned, and the sleeves then crimped. Forty-seven patients underwent sternal closure with this method, and satisfactory bone union occurred in all patients. Six patients underwent removal of the peristernal cables: 1 for infection (with satisfactory bone union after the removal of the cables), 3 for cosmetic reasons, 1 during the performance of a median sternotomy for an aortic valve replacement, and 1 in a patient who requested removal before commencing participation in football. This technique of peristernal cable approximation of sternal ends has successfully eliminated the problem of sternal disruption associated with this incision and is a useful alternative for preventing this complication after bilateral lung transplantation. © 2005 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.