Panic attacks in minority Americans: The effects of alcohol abuse, tobacco smoking, and discrimination

Academic Article


  • Conclusions Key findings were that health lifestyle choices and exposure to discrimination significantly affected the chance of having panic attacks. Nativity was protective; however, its effect was ameliorated by exposure to discrimination or engagement in smoking behavior or alcohol abuse. Thus, this study offers insight into contextual factors for clinicians caring for racial and ethnic minorities diagnosed with panic attacks.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Hearld KR; Budhwani H; Chavez-Yenter D
  • Start Page

  • 106
  • End Page

  • 112
  • Volume

  • 174