Rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) stocked into a small prairie dug-out were examined for helminths at harvest time. Five species of helminths were found (Diplostomum sp., Diplostomulum scheuringi, Clinostomum complanatum, Crepidostomum farionis and Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli); C. farionis and P. bulbocolli mature in fish while the remaining species utilize fish-eating birds as definitive hosts. Examination of stomach contents indicated that all invertebrate hosts required for the life-cycles of these helminths were present in the dug-out. The most conspicuous and prevalent helminth was C. complanatum as fish were "wormy" and unmarketable due to the presence of high numbers of metacercariae. Metacercariae of C. complanatum were recovered from most organs of rainbow trout. The low survival of stocked fish suggests that C. complanatum may cause some host mortality, but the condition of infected and uninfected fish was similar. It appears that a community of ichthyoparasites can become established in a population of stocked fish in a single growing season in north temperate regions.