Nutritional Status and Risk Factors for Chronic Disease in Urban-Dwelling Adults with Down Syndrome

Academic Article


  • Nutritional status and biochemical risk factors for chronic disease were assessed in 48 community-dwelling adults with Down syndrome in the Chicago area. Dietary intake was measured using a food frequency questionnaire completed by the participant's primary caregiver; anthropometric measures included height and weight and waist circumference. Plasma glucose and lipid concentrations were assessed following a 10-hour fast. Overall, 89% of participants were overweight or obese, 54% had large waist circumferences, and none met the current guidelines for fruit and vegetable intake. Mean concentrations for lipids and glucose, however, were within normal limits; and prevalence for hypertension, elevated lipids, and glucose were less than those for the general population of the United States.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Braunschweig CL; Gomez S; Sheean P; Tomey KM; Rimmer J; Heller T
  • Start Page

  • 186
  • End Page

  • 193+196
  • Volume

  • 109
  • Issue

  • 2