Multiple signal transduction pathways mediate c-Jun protein phosphorylation.

Academic Article


  • A variety of protein kinases, including pp42 and pp54 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, p34cdc2, and a partially purified protein kinase from 4 beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13 alpha-acetate (PMA)-treated U937 cells have been shown to phosphorylate the NH2-terminal activation domain of c-Jun in vitro. To investigate the role of pp42 MAP kinase in mediating c-Jun phosphorylation in vivo, we have treated U937 monocytic leukemia cells with a variety of pharmacological agents, including PMA, cycloheximide, AIF4, and okadaic acid. Although all of these agents stimulated c-Jun phosphorylation, cycloheximide and okadaic acid had no effect on pp42 MAP kinase phosphorylation, suggesting that MAP kinase activation was not necessary for c-Jun phosphorylation in vivo. Because dominant-negative RasAsn17 has been shown to block the effects of PMA on pp42 MAP kinase phosphorylation, we assessed its effect on c-Jun phosphorylation by cotransfection with a truncated c-Jun construct (c-Jun234). We found that c-Jun234 was expressed only in the cytosol and was inducibly phosphorylated with kinetics similar to those of endogenous nuclear c-Jun. Furthermore, we found that RasAsn17 had no effect on PMA-induced phosphorylation of c-Jun234. Because Ha-Ras requires isoprenylation for membrane binding, we examined the effect of the isoprenylation inhibitors lovastatin and perillic acid on PMA-induced c-Jun phosphorylation. Pretreatment of U937 cells with these agents had no effect on PMA-induced c-Jun or pp42 MAP kinase phosphorylation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  • Authors

    Author List

  • Franklin CC; Unlap T; Adler V; Kraft AS
  • Start Page

  • 377
  • End Page

  • 385
  • Volume

  • 4
  • Issue

  • 5