Sex Differences in Parkinson's Disease



  • Parkinson's disease (PD) is a slow progressing neurodegenerative disease affecting up to 3% of the population over the age of 65 years, amounting to more than 500,000 individuals in the United States. Clinically it is characterized by rigidity, postural instability, bradykinesia, and resting tremor. This chapter discusses clinical characteristics of PD affected by gender, gender and risk for PD, and gender effects on the biology of central dopaminergic systems.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    International Standard Book Number (isbn) 13

  • 9780195311587