Effects of halothane on the relationship between cytosolic calcium and force in airway smooth muscle.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The mechanism of the direct relaxing effect of halothane on airway smooth muscle may involve a decrease in 1) cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and/or 2) the force produced for a given [Ca2+]i (i.e., the "sensitivity" of the myofibrillar contractile system to Ca2+). This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that halothane reduces the sensitivity of the myofibrillar contractile system to Ca2+ during muscarinic receptor stimulation of canine tracheal smooth muscle. Isolated smooth muscle strips were mounted in a photometric superfusion system, stretched to their optimal length for force development, and loaded with the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator, fura 2, for simultaneous recording of fura 2 fluorescence and isometric force. Emission fluorescence intensities due to excitation at 340 (F340)- and 380 (F380)-nm wavelengths were measured and F340/F380 was used as an index of [Ca2+]i. After superfusion with Ca(2+)-free physiological salt solution (PSS) containing 1 or 100 microM acetylcholine (ACh), two consecutive cumulative concentration-response curves to CaCl2 (0.01-2.4 mM) were generated for each strip; one curve was generated in the presence of halothane. In strips stimulated with 1 (n = 6) or 100 (n = 6) microM ACh, the cumulative addition of CaCl2 to the Ca(2+)-free PSS caused concentration-dependent increases in both F340/F380 and force. In strips stimulated with 1 microM ACh, 2.4 +/- 0.3% halothane proportionally attenuated increases in both F340/F380 and force.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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    Published In

    Keywords

  • Acetylcholine, Animals, Calcium, Cytosol, Dogs, Female, Halothane, In Vitro Techniques, Male, Muscle Contraction, Muscle, Smooth, Osmolar Concentration, Trachea
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Jones KA; Wong GY; Lorenz RR; Warner DO; Sieck GC
  • Start Page

  • L199
  • End Page

  • L204
  • Volume

  • 266
  • Issue

  • 2 Pt 1