Relationship between force and regulatory myosin light chain phosphorylation in airway smooth muscle.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • We tested the hypothesis that increases in force at a given cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration (i.e., Ca(2+) sensitization) produced by muscarinic stimulation of canine tracheal smooth muscle (CTSM) are produced in part by mechanisms independent of changes in regulatory myosin light chain (rMLC) phosphorylation. This was accomplished by comparing the relationship between rMLC phosphorylation and force in alpha-toxin-permeabilized CTSM in the absence and presence of acetylcholine (ACh). Forces were normalized to the contraction induced by 10 microM Ca(2+) in each strip, and rMLC phosphorylation is expressed as a percentage of total rMLC. ACh (100 microM) plus GTP (1 microM) significantly shifted the Ca(2+)-force relationship curve to the left (EC(50): 0.39 +/- 0.06 to 0.078 +/- 0.006 microM Ca(2+)) and significantly increased the maximum force (104.4 +/- 4.8 to 120.2 +/- 2.8%; n = 6 observations). The Ca(2+)-rMLC phosphorylation relationship curve was also shifted to the left (EC(50): 1.26 +/- 0.57 to 0.13 +/- 0.04 microM Ca(2+)) and upward (maximum rMLC phosphorylation: 70.9 +/- 7.9 to 88.5 +/- 5. 1%; n = 6 observations). The relationships between rMLC phosphorylation and force constructed from mean values at corresponding Ca(2+) concentrations were not different in the presence and absence of ACh. We find no evidence that muscarinic stimulation increases Ca(2+) sensitivity in CTSM by mechanisms other than increases in rMLC phosphorylation.
  • Authors

    Keywords

  • Animals, Calcium, Dogs, Female, In Vitro Techniques, Male, Muscle Contraction, Muscle, Smooth, Myosin Light Chains, Permeability, Phosphorylation, Time Factors, Trachea
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Kai T; Yoshimura H; Jones KA; Warner DO
  • Start Page

  • L52
  • End Page

  • L58
  • Volume

  • 279
  • Issue

  • 1