CD11b+ Cells are the Major Source of Oxidative Stress in UV Radiation-irradiated Skin: Possible Role in Photoaging and Photocarcinogenesis

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Exposure of skin to solar UV radiation induces oxidative stress and suppression of cell-mediated immune responses. These effects are associated with the greater risk of several skin disorders including photoaging and photocarcinogenesis. We have shown that UV-induced infiltrating leukocytes contribute in developing oxidative stress in UV-irradiated skin. The peak period of UV-induced infiltrating leukocytes lies between 48 and 72 h after UV exposure of the skin. In this study we demonstrated that UV (90 mJ/cm 2)-induced infiltrating CD11b+ cells in C3H/HeN mice skin were the major source of oxidative stress. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O 2) was determined as a marker of oxidative stress. Flow cytometric analysis of viable cells revealed that the number of CD11b+H2O 2+ cells were significantly higher (31.8%, P < 0.001) in UV-irradiated skin in comparison with non-UV-exposed skin (0.4%). Intraperitoneal administration of monoclonal antibodies to CD11b (rat IgG2b) to C3H/HeN mice inhibited UVB-induced infiltration of leukocytes, as evidenced by reduction in myeloperoxidase activity (64-80%, P < 0.0005), concomitant with significant reduction in H2O2 production both in epidermis and dermis (66-83%, P < 0.001-0.0005) when compared with the administration of rat IgG2b isotype of antiCD11b. Furthermore, CD11b+ and CD11b- cell subsets were separated by immunomagnetic cell isolation technique from total epidermal and dermal single cell suspensions obtained 48 h after UV irradiation of the skin and analyzed for H2O2 production. Analytical data revealed that CD11b+ cell population from UV-irradiated skin resulted in significantly higher production of total H2O2 in both epidermis and dermis (87-89%, P < 0.0001) in comparison with CD11b- cell population (11-13% of total H2O2). These data revealed that infiltrating CD11b+ cells were the major source of oxidative stress in UV-irradiated skin and thus may contribute to photoaging and promotion of skin tumor growth within the UV-irradiated skin. Together, these data suggest that reduction in UV-induced skin infiltration of CD11b+ cells may be an alternative and effective strategy to reduce solar UV light-induced oxidative stress-mediated skin disorders including photoaging and photocarcinogenesis.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Mittal A; Elmets CA; Katiyar SK
  • Start Page

  • 259
  • End Page

  • 264
  • Volume

  • 77
  • Issue

  • 3