Point mutations in the post-M2 region of human α-ENaC regulate cation selectivity

Academic Article


  • We tested the hypothesis that an arginine-rich region immediately following the second transmembrane domain may constitute part of the inner mouth of the epithelial Na channel (ENaC) pore and, hence, influence conduction and/or selectivity properties of the channel by expressing double point mutants in Xenopus oocytes. Double point mutations of arginines in this post-M2 region of the human α-ENaC (αhENaC) led to a decrease and increase in the macroscopic conductance of α βγ and α βγ-hENaC, respectively, but had no effect on the single-channel conductance of either double point mutant. However, the apparent equilibrium dissociation constant for Na was decreased for both α βγ and α βγ-hENaC, and the maximum amiloride-sensitive Na current was decreased for α βγ-hENaC and increased for α βγ-hENaC. The relative permeabilities of Li and K vs. Na were increased 11.25- to 27.57-fold for α βγ-hENaC compared with wild type. The relative ion permeability of these double mutants and wild-type ENaC was inversely related to the crystal diameter of the permeant ions. Thus the region of positive charge is important for the ion permeation properties of the channel and may form part of the pore itself. + + + + + + R586E,R587E R589E,R591E R586E,R587E R589E,R591EP R586E,R587E R589E,R591E R586E,R587E
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ji HL; Parker S; Langloh ALB; Fuller CM; Benos DJ
  • Volume

  • 281
  • Issue

  • 1 50-1