We discuss the physiopathology and relevant anatomy of the nasal valves - internal and external - paying particular attention to the dynamics of the airflows in this area. We describe and comment on methods for medical examination, anterior rhinoscopy, endoscopy and fibrescopy of the valve, as well as the causes and sites of nasal valve dysfunction. We propose a review of the various treatments, medical and surgical, with a special emphasis on nasal valve surgery. Surgical techniques commonly used by the authors in daily practice for nasal valvuloplasty (such as spreader grafts and Z-plasty of the nostrils) are discussed and illustrated in depth. Some one-year postoperative results are presented and discussed. Copyright © by B-ENT.