P-selectin enhances growth and metastasis of mouse mammary tumors by promoting regulatory T cell infiltration into the tumors

Academic Article


  • Aims P-selectin is an adhesion receptor that is mainly present on endothelial cells and platelets. We investigated the role of P-selectin in the regulation of different T cell subsets in the tumor microenvironment, and how that influences the growth and metastasis of mouse mammary cancer cell line 4T1 in Balb/c mice. Main methods The 4T1 cells (1 × 104 or 1 × 105) were inoculated subcutaneously in the pre-shaved back skin of the P-selectin knockout (P-sel -/-) and wild-type (WT) mice. Mice were monitored twice weekly for the tumor growth measurements and survival studies. The tumors and the lungs were isolated for cytokine and T cell subset analyses at the end of the study. Key findings Mice lacking P-selectin had reduced tumor burden, higher survival and reduced metastasis compared to WT mice. Loss of P-selectin inhibited the infiltration of regulatory T cells and reduced pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-4, IL-10, and TGFβ in the tumors. Furthermore, the CD8 + T cells and effector CD4 + T cells were functional and exhibited enhanced infiltration into the tumors of P-selectin knockout mice compared to WT mice. Significance These results demonstrated that P-selectin is an important adhesion molecule vital for infiltration of regulatory T cells into the tumors. Thus, inhibiting P-selectin can have important therapeutic implications against breast cancer growth and metastasis.
  • Published In

  • Life Sciences  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Nasti TH; Bullard DC; Yusuf N
  • Start Page

  • 11
  • End Page

  • 18
  • Volume

  • 131