To keep pace with the rapid advances in medical genetics, internal medicine residency training programs need to train internists to develop new attitudes, knowledge bases, and skill sets. Currently, such programs have no medical genetics curriculum. Thus, to set a minimum standard for genetics education in the context of training in internal medicine, the Internal Medicine Residency Training Program Genetics Curriculum Committee was formed, with members representing professional organizations of medical geneticists, internists, genetic counselors, internal medicine and genetics residency program directors, and internal medicine residents. The committee's task was to develop a concise outline of a medical genetics curriculum for residents in internal medicine in accordance with requirements of the Residency Review Committee for Internal Medicine of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. The curriculum outline was drafted and circulated for comment. Before publication, the final document was approved by those member organizations that had a policy of approving curricula. Key learning objectives of the curriculum include appreciation of the rapid advances in genetics, the need for lifelong learning, the need for referral, and the role of genetic counselors and medical geneticists, as well as developing the ability to construct and analyze a three-generation pedigree. A wide variety of teaching methods can be useful in these regards, including didactic lectures, multimedia CD- ROMs, and clinical experience. Teaching should be related to clinical experiences whenever possible. The curriculum developed by the committee and presented in this article will assist in teaching residents the attitudes, knowledge, and skills they will require.