Chemically functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes enhance the glutamate uptake characteristics of mouse cortical astrocytes

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Abstract Using a radioactive glutamate uptake assay and immunolabeling, we report that single-walled carbon nanotubes, chemically functionalized with polyethylene glycol (SWCNT-PEG), delivered as a colloidal solute, cause an increase in the uptake of extracellular glutamate by astrocytes and an increase in the immunoreactivity of the glutamate transporter GLAST on their cell surface, which is likely a consequence of an increase in the immunoreactivity of glial fibrillary acidic protein. Additional corollary is that astrocytes exposed to SWCNT-PEG became larger and stellate, morphological characteristics of maturation and heightened activity of these glial cells. These results imply that SWCNT-PEG could potentially be used as a viable candidate for neural prosthesis applications, perhaps to alleviate the death toll of neurons due to glutamate excitotoxicity, a pathological process observed in brain and spinal cord injuries.
  • Published In

  • Amino Acids  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Gottipati MK; Bekyarova E; Haddon RC; Parpura V
  • Start Page

  • 1379
  • End Page

  • 1388
  • Volume

  • 47
  • Issue

  • 7