Urinary Immunoglobulins in Healthy Individuals and Children with Acute Pyelonephritis

Academic Article


  • Urine samples obtained from children with acute pyelonephritis and from healthy children and adults were analysed with regard to the molecular form and specific antibody activity of urinary immunoglobulins. The urinary IgA and IgG levels were quantified in unconcentrated urine by radioimmunoassay. The children with urinary tract infection had significantly higher levels of IgG and IgA than age‐matched controls but not higher than healthy adults. After tenfold concentration, the urine was fractionated on an Ultrogel AcA 22 column, and the IgA, secretory IgA, and IgG in the fractions were determined by radioimmunoassay. IgA in urine from healthy adults was predominantly represented by polymeric IgA linked to secretory component: small quantities of monomeric IgA were also present. IgG eluted in the position of the serum standard. Increased proportions of IgG and monomeric IgA were found in the infected patients. Specific antibody activity of the IgG and IgA classes to antigens of the infecting Escherichia coli strain was detected in whole and in fractionated urine from children with acute pyelonephritis. The specific antibody activity in healthy adults and children was low. Copyright © 1985, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
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  • Start Page

  • 305
  • End Page

  • 313
  • Volume

  • 21
  • Issue

  • 4