The role of parenchymal and nonparenchymal mouse liver cells in the uptake of polymeric IgA (pIgA) and pIgA-containing immune complexes (IC) of low mol. wt (< 1 × 106) was studied. As detected by immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy, pIgA were bound on the surface of isolated hepatocytes. Following the injection of radiolabeled pIgA or pIgA-IC into mice, the total radioactivity recovered from isolated liver cells was preferentially associated with parenchymal cells. The ability to inhibit the transport of pIgA and plgA-IC by pIgA of an irrelevant specificity suggests that pIgA-IC and pIgA are bound and transported by the same mechanism. These results indicate that mouse hepatocytes are involved in the uptake and hepatobiliary transport of pIgA and plgA-IC of low mol. wt. © 1988.