Cyclooxygenase-2-dependent arachidonic acid metabolites are essential modulators of the intestinal immune response to dietary antigen

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Intestinal inflammatory diseases are mediated by dysregulated immune responses to undefined luminal antigens. Feeding hen egg-white lysozyme to mice expressing a transgenic T-cell receptor that recognizes hen egg-white lysozyme peptide 46-61 resulted in no intestinal pathology; however, simultaneous administration of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors and dietary hen egg-white lysozyme resulted in increased proliferation of lamina propria mononuclear cells and crypt epithelial cells, crypt expansion and villus blunting. Lamina propria mononuclear cells produce high levels of cyclooxygenase-2-dependent arachidonic acid metabolites, which act as immunomodulators in the immune response to dietary antigen. These findings establish that cyclooxygenase-2-dependent arachidonic acid metabolites are essential in the development and maintenance of intestinal immune homeostasis.
  • Published In

  • Nature Medicine  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 10790461
  • Author List

  • Newberry RD; Stenson WF; Lorenz RG
  • Start Page

  • 900
  • End Page

  • 906
  • Volume

  • 5
  • Issue

  • 8