CD8 T cells drive the protective immune response to lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection and are thus a determining force in the selection of viral variants. To examine how escape mutations affect the presentation and recognition of overlapping T-cell epitopes, we isolated an LCMV variant that is not recognized by T-cell receptor (TCR)-transgenic H-2Db-restricted LCMV GP33-41-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). The variant virus carried a single-amino-acid substitution (valine to alanine) at position 35 of the viral glycoprotein. This region of the LCMV glycoprotein encodes both the Db-restricted GP33-43 epitope and a second epitope (GP34-42) presented by the Kb molecule. We determined that the V-to-A CTL escape mutant failed to induce a Db GP33-43-specific CTL response and that Db-restricted GP33-43-specific CTL induced by the wild-type LCMV strain were unable to kill target cells infected with the variant LCMV strain. In contrast, the Kb-restricted response was much less affected. We found that the V-to-A substitution severely impaired peptide binding to Db but not to Kb molecules. Strikingly, the V-to-A mutation did not change any of the anchor residues, and the dramatic effect on binding was therefore unexpected. The strong decrease in Db binding explains why the variant virus escapes the Db GP33-43-specific response but still elicits the Kb-restricted response. These findings also illustrate that mutations within regions encoding overlapping T-cell epitopes can differentially affect the presentation and recognition of individual epitopes.