Background: An olecranon stress fracture is a rare injury associated with valgus extension overload in baseball players. No longterm outcomes studies have been published documenting the results of surgical fixation of olecranon stress fractures with without concomitant injuries in baseball players. Hypothesis: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of an olecranon stress fracture will reliably produce bony union and allow a successful return to the previous level of activity in competitive baseball players. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: Twenty-five patients treated with ORIF for an olecranon stress fracture at least 2 years earlier (range, 2-10.14 years) were retrospectively contacted to complete a telephone survey; 18 of 25 (72%) patients responded. Data were collected to determine the return to play rate, level of arm pain, and overall arm function. Results: All 18 stress fractures went on to successful union; 17 of 18 (94%) athletes returned to baseball at or above their previous level. Average return to play time was 29 weeks. The numeric analog pain score was 0.2 at rest and 0.3 when throwing at the time of follow-up, at an average 6.2 years (range, 2.0-10.14 years) after surgery. The average score at follow-up on the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Outcome Measureshortened version (QuickDASH) was 4.1 (range, 0-27.3). Ten (56%) patients required 13 additional future surgeries on their throwing arm; 7 surgeries in 6 (33%) patients were not related to the index surgery. Six of 18 (33%) patients underwent hardware removal, with 2 (11%) for infection. Conclusion: Open reduction and internal fixation of olecranon stress fractures in competitive baseball players has a high rate of success in returning players to or above their former level of play and allows for good elbow function at an average of 6.2 years postoperatively. However, these patients are at high risk for additional future surgeries on their throwing arm. © 2012 The Author(s).