Signaling through murine CD38 is impaired in antigen receptor‐unresponsive B cells

Academic Article

Abstract

  • CD38 is a 42‐kDa membrane associated enzyme which converts NAD into cyclic ADP‐ribose (cADPR), a Ca ‐mobilizing second messenger, and ADP‐ribose (ADPR). Agonistic antibodies to murine CD38 deliver a potent growth co‐stimulus to mature splenic B lymphocytes. In this report we demonstrate a striking relationship between CD38‐mediated mitogenesis and the ability of surface IgM to promote B cell proliferation. Tolerized B lymphocytes obtained from a double‐transgenic mouse model of B cell tolerance do not proliferate in response to antigen stimulation through the Ig receptor or to agonistic anti‐CD38 antibodies. Similarly, B‐1 cells isolated from the peritoneal cavity of normal mice, and splenic B cells isolated from newborn mice were also unresponsive to both anti‐IgM and anti‐CD38 stimulation. All of these CD38‐unresponsive B cells expressed normal levels of cell surface CD38 and responded to numerous other stimuli. CD38 immunoprecipitated from these B cell populations was normal in size and effectively hydrolyzed NAD, suggesting that the defect in CD38 signaling likely occurs downstream of CD38 itself. Signaling through CD38 and IgM does not always have identical effects on B cells since anti‐CD38 cannot deliver inhibitory growth or differentiation signals to normal B cells or immature B cell lines. Nevertheless, the correlative data with these multiple B cell models of unresponsiveness suggests that the signaling pathway utilized by CD38 and IgM intersect, possibly sharing at least one of the crucial components of the Ig receptor signaling cascade. Copyright © 1995 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim 2+
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Lund FE; Solvason NW; Cooke MP; Heath AW; Grimaldi JC; Parkhouse RME; Goodnow CC; Howard MC
  • Start Page

  • 1338
  • End Page

  • 1345
  • Volume

  • 25
  • Issue

  • 5