The ecto-enzyme CD38 is a Nicotinic Acid Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate (NAADP) synthase that couples receptor activation to Ca2+ mobilization from lysosomes in pancreatic acinar cells

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is the most potent Ca2+-mobilizing intracellular messenger and is linked to a variety of stimuli and cell surface receptors. However, the enzyme responsible for endogenous NAADP synthesis in vivo is unknown, and it has been proposed that another enzyme differing from ADP-ribosyl cyclase family members may exist. The ectoenzyme CD38, involved in many functions as diverse as cell proliferation and social behavior, represents an important alternative. In pancreatic acinar cells, the hormone cholecystokinin (CCK) stimulates NAADP production evoking Ca2+ signals by discharging acidic Ca2+ stores and leading to digestive enzyme secretion. From cells derived from CD38-/- mice,weprovidethefirstphysiological evidence that CD38 is required for endogenous NAADP generation in response to CCK stimulation. Furthermore, CD38 expression in CD38-deficient pancreatic AR42J cells remodels Ca 2+-signaling pathways in these cells by restoring Ca2+ mobilization from lysosomes during CCK-induced Ca2+ signaling. In agreement with an intracellular site for messenger synthesis, we found that CD38 is expressed in endosomes. These CD38-containing vesicles, likely of endosomal origin, appear to be proximal to lysosomes but not colocalized with them. We propose that CD38 is an NAADP synthase required for coupling receptor activation to NAADP-mediated Ca2+ release from lysosomal stores in pancreatic acinar cells. © 2010 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Cosker F; Cheviron N; Yamasaki M; Menteyne A; Lund FE; Moutin MJ; Galione A; Cancela JM
  • Start Page

  • 38251
  • End Page

  • 38259
  • Volume

  • 285
  • Issue

  • 49