Immunization of healthy adults with a single recombinant pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) variant stimulates broadly cross-reactive antibodies to heterologous PspA molecules

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) is a highly variable protein found on all strains of pneumococci. To be successful, a PspA-based vaccine for S. pneumoniae must induce antibodies that are broadly cross-reactive. To address whether cross-reactive antibodies could be induced in man, we evaluated serum from adults immunized with recombinant clade 2 PspA from strain Rx1. Immunization with 5-125 μg rPspA lead to a significant increase in circulating anti-PspA antibodies, as well as antibodies reactive to heterologous rPspA molecules. Increased binding of post-immune sera to 37 pneumococcal strains expressing a variety of PspA and capsule types was observed, versus pre-immune sera. The extent of cross-clade reactivity of human anti-rPspA followed roughly the amount of sequence homology to the non- clade 2 antigens. It is hypothesized that priming of humans by natural exposure to S. pneumoniae contributes to the breadth of the cross-reactivity of antibody to PspA. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Vaccine  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 8558528
  • Author List

  • Nabors GS; Braun PA; Herrmann DJ; Heise ML; Pyle DJ; Gravenstein S; Schilling M; Ferguson LM; Hollingshead SK; Briles DE
  • Start Page

  • 1743
  • End Page

  • 1754
  • Volume

  • 18
  • Issue

  • 17