Natural materno-fetal transfer of antibodies to PspA and to PsaA

Academic Article

Abstract

  • PspA and PsaA are Streptococcus pneumoniae surface proteins and potential pneumococcal vaccine antigens. The aim of this study was to characterize the transplacental transfer of antibodies to PspA and to PsaA. Paired mother and cord blood sera were obtained at delivery from 28 women. Concentrations of antibodies against PspA, PsaA, tetanus toxoid (vaccine-induced antibodies) and P6-outer membrane protein (OMP) of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae were determined by ELISA. Antibodies to PspA of the IgG, IgG1 and IgG2 antibodies were also determined. The geometric mean percentage (GM%) of the paired infant:mother antibody were calculated. Results: The GM% of the infant:mother antibody concentrations against PspA, PsaA and P6-OMP antibodies were 64.7% (3. 3 μg/ml in infants vs 5.1 μg/ml in mothers), 50.4% (6.8 μg/ml vs 13.5 μg/ml) and 66.7% (5.6 μg/ml vs 8.4 μg/ml), respectively; the GM% of antibodies against tetanus toxoid was 104.5% (4.6 μg/ml vs 4.4 μg/ml). Transplacental transfer of IgG1 was more efficient than that of IgG2 (approximately 120% vs 65%). A transplacental transfer of antibodies to PspA and to PsaA exist. Moreover, these data suggest an active placental transfer of IgG1 antibodies to PspA since the concentration of these antibodies were consistently higher in cord sera than in the mother's sera.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 8040836
  • Author List

  • Baril L; Briles DE; Crozier P; King JD; Hollingshead SK; Murphy TF; Mccormick JB
  • Start Page

  • 474
  • End Page

  • 477
  • Volume

  • 135
  • Issue

  • 3