Circular duplex structures of the correct length are observed in the electron microscope in hybridization mixtures of lysogen DNA and mature phage DNA for the case of the temperate Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage SPO2. This result shows that the sequence order of the prophage is a circular permutation of that of the mature phage. By making heteroduplexes of prophage DNA with that of the SPO2 deletion mutants, R90 and S25, the att site of the phage has been mapped at 61.2 ± 0.6% from one end of the mature phage DNA, which has a length of 38,600 base pairs. In the same co-ordinate system, the R90 deletion extends from 58.9 ± 0.7 to 66.8 ± 0.8% on the SPO2 chromosome, whereas the S25 deletion extends from 63.2 ± 0.6 to 66.9 ± 0.7%. In similar experiments with lysogen and mature phage DNA's of the temperate B. subtilis phage, φ105, no circular structures were seen. This result shows that the sequence order in the prophage and the phage are colinear, without circular permutation. © 1973.