The TIP60 tumor suppressor is a histone acetyltransferase involved in transcriptional regulation, checkpoint activation, and p53-directed proapoptotic pathways. We report that human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 destabilizes TIP60 both in vivo and in vitro. TIP60 binds to the HPV major early promoter and acetylates histone H4 to recruit Brd4, a cellular repressor of HPV E6 expression. Both low- and high-risk HPV E6 destabilize TIP60, thereby derepressing their own promoter. Destabilization of TIP60 by HPV E6 also relieves cellular promoters from TIP60-initiated repression and abrogates p53-dependent activation of apoptotic pathway. Degradation of TIP60, therefore, allows low- and high-risk HPV to promote cell proliferation and cell survival. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.