Predicting depressive symptoms and self-care in patients with heart failure

Academic Article


  • Objective: To examine relationships among heart failure (HF) physical symptoms, social support, social problem-solving, depressive symptoms, and self-care behaviors in outpatients with HF. Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected from 201 outpatients. Structural equation modeling was used in this preliminary analysis to examine the relationships among the study variables. Results: HF physical symptoms and social support were predictors of depressive symptoms and self-care behaviors. Social problem-solving also predicted self-care behaviors. Social support mediated the relationship between HF physical symptoms and depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Social support may influence depressive symptoms and self-care behaviors, whereas social problem-solving may impact self-care behaviors. Future research should examine causality and subcomponents of social problem-solving on these outcome variables.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 23401356
  • Author List

  • Graven LJ; Grant JS; Vance DE; Pryor ER; Grubbs L; Karioth S
  • Start Page

  • 77
  • End Page

  • 87
  • Volume

  • 39
  • Issue

  • 1