Human γ- To β-globin gene switching in transgenic mice

Academic Article


  • Previous studies demonstrated correct tissue- and temporal-specific expression of human γ- and β-globin genes in transgenic mice; however, expression was extremely low. When the erythroid-specific DNase I super-hypersensitive (HS) sites that are normally located upstream of the human β-globin locus were fused individually to γ- or β-globin genes, expression increased to endogenous mouse globin levels but temporal specificity was lost. In contrast, when the HS sequences were combined with fragments containing both γ- and β-globin genes, correct developmental regulation was restored. We suggest that human -γ- to β-globin gene switching during development results from competition of individual globin gene family members for interaction with the HS sequences and that factors influencing these competitive interactions determine temporal specificity.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Behringer RR; Ryan TM; Palmiter RD; Brinster RL; Townes TM
  • Start Page

  • 380
  • End Page

  • 389
  • Volume

  • 4
  • Issue

  • 3