The structure of human lipoprotein A-I. Evidence for the 'belt' model

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The two main competing models for the structure of discoidal lipoprotein A-I complexes both presume that the protein component is helical and situated around the perimeter of a lipid bilayer disc. However, the more popular 'picket fence' model orients the protein helices perpendicular to the surface of the lipid bilayer, while the alternative 'belt' model orients them parallel to the bilayer surface. To distinguish between these models, we have investigated the structure of human lipoprotein A-I using a novel form of polarized internal reflection infrared spectroscopy that can characterize the relative orientation of protein and lipid components in the lipoprotein complexes under native conditions. Our results verify lipid bilayer structure in the complexes and point unambiguously to the belt model.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Koppaka V; Silvestro L; Engler JA; Brouillette CG; Axelsen PH
  • Start Page

  • 14541
  • End Page

  • 14544
  • Volume

  • 274
  • Issue

  • 21