Access to the environment and life satisfaction after spinal cord injury

Academic Article


  • Objective: To determine the potential relation between satisfaction with life after spinal cord injury and access to the environment as measured by selected items from the Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique (CHART). Design: Prospective, correlational/predictive study using cross- sectional and longitudinal data from 18 Model Spinal Cord Injury Systems of Care. Subjects: Adult persons with traumatic-onset spinal cord injury (n = 650) evaluated at 1 or 2 years postinjury. Outcome Measure: Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Predictor Variables: Demographic characteristics, impairment and disability classifications, medical complications, rehabilitation insurance status, occupational status as measured by the CHART Occupation Scale, self-perceived health (from SF-36), and access to the environment as measured by items from the CHART Mobility Scale. Results: Access to the environment was positively and linearly associated with satisfaction with life, demonstrated both positive and negative change over time, and was positively associated with subject's neurologic status. Access to the environment added to the explanatory model to predict life satisfaction even after all other independent measures were accounted for. Conclusion: Access to the environment (an 'outside the person' factor) is important in predicting satisfaction with life for persons with spinal cord injury. The measure of access to the environment developed here is promising and worthy of further exploration and expansion.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Richards JS; Bombardier CH; Tate D; Dijkers M; Gordon W; Shewchuk R; DeVivo MJ
  • Start Page

  • 1501
  • End Page

  • 1506
  • Volume

  • 80
  • Issue

  • 11