Adverse cardiac events in patients with coronary stents undergoing noncardiac surgery: A systematic review

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: When patients with drug-eluting stents (DES) present for surgery, current guidelines recommend delaying elective surgeries until 1 year of dual antiplatelet therapy has been completed. Methods: We performed a systematic literature review of the major adverse cardiac events (MACE) associated with noncardiac surgery in patients with DES. Results: Twenty-eight of 358 studies met inclusion criteria. Overall, MACE rates decreased as time to surgery increased and varied from 0% to 18% for surgeries within 1 year as compared with 0% to 12% for surgery more than 1 year after a stent. In addition, the current literature showed limited evidence for a protective effect of continuing perioperative dual antiplatelet therapy on MACE rates. Conclusions: The current literature supports a significant decrease in MACE when surgery is performed 1 year after DES placement; however, the level of evidence is weak. Larger studies are needed to determine the safe interval for surgery after stent placement.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Hollis RH; Graham LA; Richman JS; Deierhoi RJ; Hawn MT
  • Start Page

  • 494
  • End Page

  • 501
  • Volume

  • 204
  • Issue

  • 4