Cyclooxygenase 2-mediated suppression of macrophage interleukin-12 production after thermal injury.

Academic Article


  • Macrophage (Mphi) prostaglandin (PG)E(2) production has been implicated in immunosuppression and increased susceptibility to sepsis after thermal injury. Deficient interleukin (IL)-12 production has also been implicated in these postburn complications. The present study examined the relationship between Mphi cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 activity and IL-12 production after thermal injury. C57BL/6 female mice were subjected to a 25% total body surface area full-thickness burn. Mphi were isolated 7 days later, or the mice were subjected to sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). IL-12 production by Mphi from injured mice was suppressed by >50%, whereas COX-2 expression and PGE(2) production were increased twofold. The COX-2 inhibitor NS-398 suppressed PGE(2) production and normalized IL-12 production in the injury group, whereas it had no effect on IL-10 production. Injured mice subjected to CLP had lower IL-12 plasma levels compared with sham-treated mice subjected to CLP. NS-398 treatment prevented the suppression in plasma IL-12 levels in the injury group. Thus elevated Mphi COX-2 activity, independent of IL-10, suppresses Mphi IL-12 production after thermal injury and may play an important role in the observed immunosuppression under such conditions.
  • Keywords

  • Animals, Bacterial Infections, Burns, Cyclooxygenase 2, Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors, Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors, Female, Interleukin-10, Interleukin-12, Isoenzymes, Macrophages, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Nitrobenzenes, Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases, Sulfonamides
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Schwacha MG; Chung C-S; Ayala A; Bland KI; Chaudry IH
  • Start Page

  • C263
  • End Page

  • C270
  • Volume

  • 282
  • Issue

  • 2