Further studies on the protein conjugation of hydroxamic acid bifunctional chelating agents: Group-specific conjugation at two different loci

Academic Article


  • A procedure utilizing an activated ester approach for conjugation of unprotected hydroxamic acids to antibodies and peptides was recently reported. Here, an alternative method with advantages over the activated ester strategy is described. This protocol utilizes the hydrazone formation between a hydrazide derivative of the trihydroxamate ligand trisuccin and either a ketone derivative of antibody or the aldehyde groups, generated by oxidation of the carbohyrate residues. Thus, the trisuccin carboxylic acid (1) was derivatized with tert-butyl carbazate to the hydrazide 2, and the protecting groups were removed by catalytic hydrogenation and acidolysis with TFA to afford the hydroxamate hydrazide 4. Conjugation of 4 to monoclonal antibody CC49 was effected by two approaches: attachment through the amine (e.g,, lysine) residues of the antibody or oxidation of the carbohydrate residues. The extent of conjugations were monitored by MALDI, through evaluation of the increases in molecular weights of the conjugates compared to the unconjugated antibody. The first approach utilizing a ketone linker (6-oxoheptanoic acid, OHA) which served as a hydrazide anchor, is being introduced in this report as a new technique for conjugation of hydrazide derivatives to proteins. The OHA approach proved to be a superior strategy over the aldehyde approach in the ease of the procedure and yield of protein recovery. It also had the advantage of yielding more control in adjusting the ligand-to-protein ratio and was therefore selected for protocol optimization. All conjugates resulting from both approaches were radiolabeled with 125I and screened for their immunoreactivity. Furthermore, the conjugates prepared through the optimized OHA protocol were radiolabeled with both (99m)Tc and 125I for which the radiolabeling yields and immunoreactivities are reported.
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    Author List

  • Safavy A; Khazaeli MB; Kirk M; Coward L; Buchsbaum DJ
  • Start Page

  • 18
  • End Page

  • 23
  • Volume

  • 10
  • Issue

  • 1