A deimmunized bispecific ligand-directed toxin that shows an impressive anti-pancreatic cancer effect in a systemic nude mouse orthotopic model

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective: The objective was to test a bispecific ligand-directed toxin (BLT), with reduced immunogenicity for enhanced efficacy in targeting orthotopic pancreatic cancer in vivo. Method: A new BLT was created in which both human epidermal growth factor (EGF) and interleukin 4 cytokines were cloned onto the same single chain molecule with deimmunized pseudomonas exotoxin (dEGF4KDEL). Key amino acids dictating B-cell generation of neutralizing antitoxin antibodies were mutated. Bioassays were used to determine whether mutation reduced potency, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay studies were performed to determine whether antitoxin antibodies were reduced. A genetically altered luciferase MIA PaCa-2 xenograft model was used to image in real time and determine effects on systemic malignant human cancer. Bispecific ligand-directed toxins targeting B cells were used as specificity controls. Results: Deimmunized EGF4KDEL was significantly effective after systemic injection against established orthotopic MIA PaCa-2 pancreatic cancer and selectively prevented metastasis. Mutagenesis significantly reduced antitoxin levels in vivo with no apparent activity loss in vitro. The drug was effective against 3 human pancreatic cancer lines in vitro, MIA PaCa-2, SW1990, and S2VP10. Conclusions: Despite the metastatic nature of the MIA PaCa-2 orthotopic tumor xenografted in nude mice, high percentages of tumors responded to extended dEGFKDEL treatment resulting in significant anticancer effects and disease-free survivors. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Oh S; Todhunter DA; Panoskaltsis-Mortari A; Buchsbaum DJ; Toma S; Vallera DA
  • Start Page

  • 789
  • End Page

  • 796
  • Volume

  • 41
  • Issue

  • 5